Chief Scientist:

Dr. Manoj Raje



Contact Address

Room No. 10 Ground Floor,
Main Building


Cell Biology, Biophysics, Multifunctional proteins, iron metabolism, high resolution imaging.


Dr. Raje’s work on maintenance of iron homeostasis has overturned the six decade paradigm of iron acquisition and release by cells. In the process his laboratory has been the first in the world to introduce the concept of Higher Order Moonlighting Behavior in biological macromolecules a novel concept in the molecular management strategies utilized by living organisms. These findings are the key to understand the balance of host pathogen interactions in tuberculosis by identifying conserved pathogen proteins essential for virulence. Due to their homology with human proteins, these remain undetected and hijack host mechanisms to appropriate critical resources and enhance infection. Iron acquisition is central to the survival of invading M.tuberculosis. A key discovery from Dr. Raje’s laboratory was that M.tb, presents several evolutionarily conserved proteins on its surface where they moonlight as receptors for mammalian iron carrier proteins. He discovered that one such molecule Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase can internalize mammalian iron carriers into M.tb cells. This provided a completely new perspective not only in terms of mycobacterieal iron acquisition, but also revealed the occurrence of receptor-mediated uptake and trafficking of macromolecules into bacilli a phenomena that has never previously been reported in M.tb. These findings are the key to understand the balance of host pathogen interactions in tuberculosis.

Major Publications

  • Trafficking of a multifunctional protein by endosomal micro-autophagy: linking two independent unconventional secretory pathways. The FASEB Journal, 2019, 33(4):5641–5653.
  • Moonlighting Protein Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase: A Cellular Rapid-Response Molecule for Maintenance of Iron Homeostasis in Hypoxia. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry; 2019; 52:517-531.
  • Moonlighting glycolytic protein glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH): An evolutionarily conserved plasminogen receptor on mammalian cells. The FASEB Journal; 2017 vol. 31 no. 6: 2638-2648.
  • Repurposing ethyl bromopyruvate as a broad-spectrum antibacterial. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2019; 74: 912–920.
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis acquires iron by cell surface sequestration and internalization of human holo-transferrin. Nature Communications; 2014, 5:4730 doi: 10.1038/ncomms5730.
  • Reverse overshot water-wheel retroendocytosis of Apo Transferrin extrudes cellular iron. Journal of Cell Science; 2016, 129, 843-853.
  • Moonlighting cell surface GAPDH recruits Apo Transferrin to effect iron egress from mammalian cells. Journal of Cell Science; 2014,127, 4279–4291.
  • Secreted glyceraldehye-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a multifunctional autocrine transferrin receptor for cellular iron acquisition Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA); 2013, 1830: 3816–3827.
  • The macrophage cell surface Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a novel Transferrin receptor. (2007). The Journal of Biological Chemistry; 2007, 282(5): 3252–3261.
  • Atomic Force Spectroscopy based study of antibody pesticide interactions for characterization of immunosensor surface. Biosensors and Bioelectronics; 2004, 20(2):284-93.
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    Lab Members